Restriction Explanation
Ban-the-Box 2: Use of criminal record only at/after interview Employers may not inquire about criminal records on the initial written application form. The “initial written application” form has been interpreted by the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (“MCAD”) to mean any paper provided to an applicant prior to the job interview. The MCAD noted that this new law did not prohibit oral inquiries, but oral inquires are already restricted by MGLA 155B §4(9). This restriction has been noted above. However, these restrictions do not prohibit an employer from obtaining a criminal report at any time.
Combination of arrest only records and time limit An employer may not ask an employee/applicant, or any third party including a CRA, for employment purposes, regarding (1) an arrest, detention or disposition in which a conviction did not result; (2) a first conviction for drunkenness, simple assault, speeding, minor traffic violations, affray or disturbance of the peace, or (3) any conviction of a misdemeanor that occurred 3 years or more from the date of the application unless there is a later conviction.
Key Municipal Employment Restriction on Private Employers Boston code prohibits discrimination based upon “ex-offender” status. See the Municipal Resource Tab for full explanation and exception. Cambridge and Worcester also have similar laws in place.
Limit on who can be screened Landlords may only obtain CORI records on the Applicant for the Market Rate (voucher subsidized) housing unit. CORI records may not be requested for other household members. There is no indication that current tenants may be screened via CORI records.
Maintenance of Records Users, employees and landlords may keep CORI records for seven (7) years.
Maintenance of Records User must maintain consent for at least one year. (Such documents are advised to be kept for 6 years under FCRA). Also, user must log internal distribution of state issued criminal records.
Must Provide Notice A special consent form for the employer or landlord is required when CORI records are sought. An additional consent form is required to allow the CRA to conduct the serach. Forms of Notice are provided in the Reference Material (Reference Tabs).
Must Provide Notice Employers and landlords must provide pre-adverse action notices and specifically identify any criminal record information that is the basis for the potential adverse action, 803 CMR §2.17 and 5.15. Additional information must be provided in the notice: such as copy of Users’ CORI policy and materials on correcting CORI records. Consumer is to be provided an opportunity to dispute information. The regulations do not set any specific period of time for this process.
Must Provide Notice The end user must provide special adverse action notice if the adverse action is based in whole or in part upon information in a consumer report.
Must Provide Special Form To access CORI records employers and landlords must use a special consent form and gather identifying information on applicant. Employer and landlord must attest to establishing identity. Form is good for 1 year. An employer may “reuse” the consent within the year if “notice of possible additional reports” is contained in the initial consent.
Prohibits salary history inquiry during hiring process EFFECTIVE July 1, 2018. Massachusetts is the first state to bar employers from asking about applicants’ salaries before offering them a job. As a condition for employment, it is unlawful for an employer ask about or seek the wage or salary history of a prospective employee.
Use of convictions (time limits) State CORI records are limited as follows: felonies 10 years; misdemeanors 5 years; murders, manslaughter and certain sexual offenses no limit. Prior offenses will be available if last conviction is reportable. See Exceptions.